It happened today – this day in history
1492: Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI.
1597: Germany drives out the English sellers.
1786: Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
1858: First ascent of the Eiger in the Swiss Alps.
1863: Cambodia becomes a French protectorate.
1896: Harvey Hubbell patents a light bulb socket with a chain.
1908: Edward VII meets his cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany – the main point of contention is the growing size of the German navy.
1914: Animation is patented by John Bray.
1934: The first federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
1940: German air raid on the ports of Dorset, Portland and Weymouth.
1942: The SS begins to exterminate 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz, Poland.
1944: Arrival of Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Italy.
1950: Ethel Rosenberg testifies before a grand jury in the United States on allegations of espionage for the Soviet Union.
1952: Hussein Ibn Talal I is proclaimed King of Jordan.
1954: A formal peace treaty ends seven years of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh.
1956: Abstract artist Jackson Pollack dies in a car accident.
1960: Chad declares its independence from France.
1962: Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes the third Russian in space aboard Vostok 3.
1963: Four political prisoners of the ANC escape from the central prison of Pretoria in South Africa.
1964: The Beatles begin recording their fourth album Beatles For Sale at EMI Studios, Abbey Road.
1965: Six days of riots begin in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles.
1966: At a Chicago press conference, visibly uncomfortable John Lennon apologizes for his comments in an interview with a British newspaper where he said the Beatles were taller than Jesus.
1967: Beginning of the three-day reading festival with The Small Faces, The, Move, Pink Floyd, Amen Corner, Donovan, Jeff Beck and Cream.
1968: The Beatles launch the Apple Records label. On the same day, Britain’s last mainline steam passenger train service runs.
1970: Two RUC officers are killed by the IRA when they detonate a bomb bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.
1971: Prime Minister Edward Heath leads the British yachting team to victory in the Admiral’s Cup at the helm of his yacht Morning Cloud.
1972: Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they are carrying explodes prematurely.
1974: Lee Trevino wins the PGA Men’s Golf Championship.
1978: The funeral of Pope Paul VI takes place in the Vatican.
1979: Led Zeppelin plays his last UK show when he performs at Knebworth House, Stevenage.
1982: East End gangsters Ronnie and Reggie Kray were released from prison for their mother Violet’s funeral in Chingford.
1984: Carl Lewis equals Jesse Owens’ feat in 1936 by winning his fourth Olympic gold medal on the US 4x100m relay team in Los Angeles. On the same day, Sebastian Coe edged out Steve Cram to become the only man to successfully defend his Olympic title in the 1,500m. Additionally, in a radio voice test, US President Ronald Reagan jokes that he has “signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever.” We start bombing in five minutes.
1985: Singles table:
- In the groove – Madonna
- Vacation – Madonna
- I Got You Babe – UB40 ft Chrissie Hynde
- We don’t need another hero – Tina Turner
- Money For Nothing – Dire Straits
- There must be an angel (playing with my heart) – Eurythmics
- White Wedding – Billy Idol
- Driving – Cars
- Running On That Hill – Kate Bush
- Don Quixote – Nik Kershaw
- This is now what I call music 5 – Various artists
- Like a virgin – Madonna
- Brothers in arms – Dire Straits
- Born in USA – Bruce Springsteen
- Be yourself tonight – Eurythmics
- Songs from the Great Chair – Tears For Fears
- The Kenny Rogers Story – Kenny Rogers
- No Jacket Required – Phil Collins
- The Unforgettable Fire – U2
- Madonna – Madonna
1987: France and Great Britain send minesweepers to the Persian Gulf.
1988: Al-Qaeda is formed during a meeting between Osama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri, Abdullah Azzam and others in Peshawar, Pakistan.
1989: Three members of the LL Cool J team are arrested and charged with raping a 15-year-old girl after a concert after the victim won a backstage pass at a radio competition. On the same day, Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings of Neptune.
1990: Egyptian and Moroccan troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent an Iraqi invasion.
1991: Hezbollah frees American hostage Edward Tracy.
1993: visit of Pope John Paul II to Mexico.
1994: Death of actor Peter Cushing, aged 81.
1998: The President of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian National Authority, Yasser Arafat, arrives in Cape Town for his first state visit to South Africa at the invitation of President Nelson Mandela.
1999: The peoples of Europe and Asia witness the last total solar eclipse of the century.
2000: Madonna gives birth to a baby boy, Rocco Ritchie, at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Beverly Hills.
2003: NATO takes command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year history.
2014: Commercial comedian Robin Williams commits suicide at the age of 63.
2016: A Greenland shark is declared the oldest vertebrate animal in the world at 392 years old by an international team of scientists.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike Hugg, drummer (Manfred Mann) 79; Ian McDiarmid, actor, 77 years old; Eric Carmen, singer-songwriter, 72 years old; Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Computers, 71; Bob Mothersbaugh, musician (DEVO) 69; Hulk Hogan (Terry Bollea), wrestler, 68; Joe Jackson, singer-songwriter, 67; Viola Davis, actress, 56; Embeth Davidtz, actress, 56; Nigel Martyn, goalkeeper, 55; Ashley Jensen, actress, 52; Andy Bell, guitarist (Oasis / Ride) 51; Nigel Harman, actor, 48 years old; Sandi Thom, singer-songwriter, 40; Chris Hemsworth, actor, 38; Alyson Stoner, actress, 28.